Bwindi forest national park in Uganda- trekking the mountain gorillas
Bwindi forest national park is well known for trekking the mountain gorillas. The park has the highest number of mountain gorillas in the world. There are 4 locations around the park for mountain gorillas trekking throughout the year.
Bwindi forest national park is one of the last opened parks of Uganda formed in 1991. It lies between altitude: 1,160m – 2,607m above sea level. The park has a population of around 340 mountain gorillas and only an estimated 40% are habituated. Bwindi forest national park has 200 butterfly species-42 are endemic to the Albertine Rift.
Biodiversity: There are at least 120 mammal species living in Bwindi forest national park. The eleven primate species found here include mountain gorillas, black-and-white colobus and L’Hoest’s monkeys, baboons and chimpanzees. There are also forest elephants and several species of antelopes. Bwindi forest also has an estimated 350 bird species. 23 of the bird species are endemic to the Albertine Rift. 14 of these species are not recorded anywhere else in Uganda. Birds in Bwindi forest include Grauer’s Broadbill, Chin spot batis, Rwenzori Batis, Oriole Finch, Black billed Turaco, Bronze naped Pigeon, Ashy Flycatcher and more. There are 27 species of frogs, the Three horned chameleon and 220 species of butterflies.
Size of Bwindi forest national park: Size: 321 sq.km
Tourism activities: mountain gorillas trekking, bird watching, nature walks, community tours, cultural experiences and performances (Batwa / Pygmies and locals).
Areas of interest: Buhoma– activities include village walks, waterfalls and 3 gorilla groups-Habiyanja, Mubare and Rushegura. Ruhija-has Bitukura, Oruzogo and Kyaguriro gorilla groups. There is the bamboo trail leading to Rwamunyonyi peak and Mubwindi swamp (African broadbill); Rushaga has several gorilla groups-Shongi, Mishaya, Bweza, Mukiza and Kahungye. Nkurigo has the Nkuringo gorilla group.
Location: South western Uganda not far from the border with the Democratic republic of Congo, in the districts of Rukungiri, Kanungu and Kabale.
Accessibility: Entebbe-Kampala-Mbarara-Rukungiri-Kihihi-Buhoma 400km
Kampala to rushaga is 372km and the driving time of 8 hours.
Kampala and Ruhija is 322km and the driving time of 7 hours.
Kampala and Nkurigo is 374km and the driving time of 9 hours.
Distance between Kampala and Buhoma is 342km and the driving time of 9 hours.