Gorilla trekking in Uganda
Gorilla trekking occurs in Bwindi forest and Mgahinga national parks. The Gorilla groups that are habituated for tourism in Bwindi impenetrable forest include Habiyanja, Mubare and Rushegura in Buhoma, north of the park. The Bitukura, Oruzogo, Kyaguriro gorilla groups are found in the Ruhija area, east of the park.
Rushaga in the south has six gorilla families namely; Shongi, Mishaya, Bweza, Rukara, Mikeza and Kahungye. The Nkurigo sector that is found in the south western area of Bwindi forest has the Nkuringo gorilla family.
Gorilla habituation experience
There are two gorilla families available for the habituation experience in Bwindi forest around Rushaga and Nkuringo areas.
Only one group-the Nyakagezi gorilla family in Mgahinga national park is habituated. It is headed by “big Mark” with 5 other silverbacks. Therefore gorilla trekking permits are limited to only 8 persons per day.
You can choose the Gorilla group (family) you want to visit. However, this depends on your level of fitness. Some groups live far deep in the forest while others roam nearby. Your Driver/Guide will arrange for you the most appropriate gorilla family with the park office at the briefing point.
Gorilla trekking in Rwanda
Gorilla tracking is done only in Volcanoes national park. There are 10 gorilla families and these include Sabinyo, Susa, Amahoro, Hirwa, Kwitonda, Agasha, Bwengye, Karisimbi, Umubano and Titus.
Chimpanzee trekking in Uganda and Rwanda
In Uganda, chimpanzee trekking can be done in Kibale forest, Kalinzu forest, Budongo forest and Kyambura gorge.
Kibale forest national park is the main chimpanzee habitat in Uganda. It is a wet tropical forest on the northern side and woodland Savannah in the south.
Evergreen forest occupy 77% section of the park. There are 13 primate species in Kibale forest including the Chimpanzees, baboons, Poto, red Columbus monkeys, red tailed monkey, Black and white colobus, the L’Hoest’s monkeys and Grey Mangabey.
In Rwanda, Chimpanzee trekking is done only in Nyungwe Forest National Park. This is a true rain forest that receives 2,000 mm of rainfall annually. It is one of the oldest forests in Africa with a high level of diversity.