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Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Trekking the mountain gorillas in Uganda

Bwindi forest national park is well known for trekking the mountain gorillas. The park has the highest number of mountain gorillas in the world.

The park is one of the last opened parks of Uganda. It was formed in 1991. The park lies between altitude: 1,160m – 2,607m above sea level. Bwindi forest national has a population of around 340 mountain gorillas however only an estimated 40% are habituated.


There are at least 120 mammal species living in Bwindi forest. The eleven primate species found here include mountain gorillas, black-and-white colobus and L’Hoest’s monkeys, baboons and chimpanzees. Forest elephants and several species of antelopes also live in this forest.

Bwindi forest also has an estimated 350 bird species. 23 bird species are endemic to the Albertine Rift and 14 of these species are not recorded anywhere else in Uganda. Birds in Bwindi forest include Grauer’s Broadbill,  Chin spot batis, Rwenzori Batis, Oriole Finch, Black billed Turaco, Bronze naped Pigeon and Ashy Flycatcher.   

There are 27 species of frogs  plus the three horned chameleon. Bwindi forest national park has 200 butterfly species-42 are endemic to the Albertine Rift.                

Size of Bwindi forest national park:  Size: 321

Tourism activities

 Mountain gorillas trekking, bird watching, nature walks, community tours, cultural experiences and performances (Batwa / Pygmies and locals).

Lodges around Bwindi Forest 

Mahogany Springs, Buhoma Lodge, Gorilla Forest Camp, Gorilla Mist Camp, Chameleon Hill Lodge, Gorilla Valley Lodge, Ichumbi Lodge,  

Areas of interest

There are 4 locations around the park for mountain gorillas trekking throughout the year.

Buhoma– activities include village walks, waterfalls and 3 gorilla groups-Habiyanja, Mubare and Rushegura.

Ruhija-has Bitukura, Oruzogo and Kyaguriro gorilla groups. There is the bamboo trail leading to Rwamunyonyi peak and Mubwindi swamp for the African broadbill.

 Rushaga has several gorilla groups-Shongi, Mishaya, Bweza, Mukiza and Kahungye.

Nkurigo has the Nkuringo gorilla group.


South western Uganda not far from the border with the Democratic republic of Congo, in the districts of Rukungiri, Kanungu and Kabale.

Accessibility: Entebbe-Kampala-Mbarara-Rukungiri-Kihihi-Buhoma 400km

Kampala to rushaga is 372km and the driving time of 8 hours.

Kampala and Ruhija is 322km and the driving time of 7 hours.

Kampala and Nkurigo is 374km and the driving time of 9 hours.

Distance between Kampala and Buhoma is 342km and the driving time of 9 hours.